'2021: The make or break year to confront global climate emergency'

Science    02-Mar-2021
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Bonn, Mar 2: The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has recently released its Initial Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) Synthesis Report. While commenting on the report; the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, stated that the year 2021 is a 'make or break' year so as to confront the global climate emergency.
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The Secretary-General further stated that in order to limit the rise in global temperature to 1.5 degree Celsius, the global emission should be cut by 45 per cent of the 2010 level by 2030. The report was released by the UNFCC and measured the progress of national climate action plans in the backdrop of the upcoming 26th session of Conference of its Parties (COP26) in Nov 2021 in Glasgow. The report has also urged the other countries to initiate more ambitious plans in order to reach the Paris Agreement goals.
The report covered the submissions from countries up to Dec 31, 2020. As per the submission, 75 countries which are Parties to the Framework Convention communicated a new and updated NDC which represents 30 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an international environmental treaty involved in addressing the climate change, with its Secretariat located in Bonn. The framework has been negotiated and signed by 154 states. It was signed at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) or the Earth Summit which was held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.